Thursday, June 11, 2020
Originations of Space tend to show how contemporary artists keep on embracing spatial creation as a principal center of their work. The display uncovers how, past formal attributes and practical needs show the origination and verbalization of compositional space. It still characterizes engineering as a creative undertaking, and a reaction to more extensive social issues. In the early and mid-twentieth century, the idea of room was basic in characterizing the advanced development in design. Thoughts of compositional space identified with the lucidness between the inside and outside of structures rose as another element. Checking past understandings of design as a movement of styles, space turned into a favored journey of structural practice. In time space became effectively recovered by specialists, geographers, sociologists, and others as their area of mediation and reflection. As proposed by French rationalist Michel Foucault, our own era is the age of space, an extended field pe rmeated with complex implications. Ten universal activities by artists and specialists are shown in substantial scale models through illustrations, photos, recordings, and even a room-sized establishment. They review how design tends to extended field. Spatial originations in the presentation run from array and envelope space, to anecdotal and performative space. Members offer a worldwide scene of design hone today, from acclaimed modelers, for example, Herzog and de Meuron, Alvaro Siza, and Kengo Kuma, to youthful, new practices, for example, Pezo van Ellrichshausen, Chile; Ryue Nishizawa, Japan; Ensamble Studio, Spain; and the New York-based SO-IL and MOS Architects. One of the conceptual art spaces is 98B COLLABoratory, Manila, Philippines which was in 2012 transferred to a beautiful decorated space initially known as Perez-Samanillo Building. The gallery spearheaded a creative boom for space contemporary art. The sophisticated Escolta shopping center has experienced major decline since the Second World War, however the establishment of Bergs departmental store has revolutionized it as it houses many artistic and creative works. The 98B holds different exhibitions and screenings which create discussions from different parties. Other tenants in the building comprise of small history museum and incubator bazaar where different artisans from all perspectives shows their talents and works. The second contemporary space is the Singapore Substation which was a building that initially had electricity offices. However, from 1990 the building became a host for different artistic works. Different exhibitions and performances were conducted in it thus making it a way to independent art spaces in urban areas. The building has a theatre that can contain 108 people and thus it host local groups, film broadcast and poetry. The theatre also highlights artists with punk aesthetics. Various performances conducted in the theatre fill the entire building from the top of the building to a trap door located in basement. The upstairs rooms in the building gives people a place and space to establish their own creative inspirations and talents. The third contemporary space art is the Indonesian Cemeti Ã¢â¬â Institute for Art and Society, Yogyakarta. The given platform is the oldest space for contemporary arts in Yogyakarta in the region of Java. For the past 30 years it has dominated contemporary artist space. However, the building has experienced major renovations this year as public spaces and gardens were redesigned by Dutch design group Collective Works. The space has a newspaper kiosk which is an essential characteristic in Indonesian villages a gives a variety of creative and printed materials. Other contemporary spaces are N22, Bangkok, Thailand, The Factory Contemporary Arts Centre, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Myanm/art, Yangon, Myanmar, Romcheick Pram, Battambang, Cambodia, Manzi, Hanoi, Vietnam and Ne-Na, Chiang Mai, Thailand .
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Understanding Samples of a Critique Essay of Health Program Introducing Samples of a Critique Essay of Health Program No weaknesses of earlier studies were given as they all support the use of the study. Basically, the methods adequately answered each research question so the author had valid conclusions in his search to identify the part of registered nurses in diabetes therapy. Additional strength of this guide is the fact that it is teacher oriented. The coach allows them to see their issues or problems from various perspectives which delivers opportunity to discover new solutions. The client would like to acquire comfortable with the coach. Otherwise, you can organize the critique regarding weaknesses and strengths. Our experts are always prepared to offer essay writing help. Within this section, organize your evaluation of the work or critical evaluations properly. Understanding Samples of a Critique Essay of Health Program The first thing you have to do when writing an evaluation essay is to be knowledgeable in regards to the topic which you will write about. Begin by analyzing the post or book which you're required to critique. How you make a thesis statement will be dependent on the essence of operations or functions where the essay is going to be used. The very first thing which you should do in the practice of figuring out how to compose a book critique is to look at the sort of book that you're working on. In longer critiques, you might want to talk about the beneficial and negative of each key vital question in individual paragraphs. Consequently, begin by examining the assignment or prompt so that you're able to understand just what you have to critique and how. If you are aware of how to compose an article critique, you will readily finish the assignment not based on its complexity and formatting peculiarities. If you would like to learn to critique a guide, you should first have a crystal clear comprehension of exactly what this assignment is all about. Switching doctors or moving to some other city will be a lot easier as your health history can readily be sent to your new physician. A culturally sensitive strategy can help in improving pharmacological therapy, besides improving health care outcomes. Likewise an insured society lessens the risks related to an unhealthy society. They do have better autonomy, have dynamic relationships with their clients since they are often friends, relatives, and neighbors, and have the capability to really get involved with the community in addition to to find the community involved with healthcare. There are various facets of the Health Care Reform Bill. Emergency care will improve as emergency responders are going to be able to access information about a patient while in route and they'll also have the ability to send vital info to the hospital ahead of arriving. These new nitrogen-containing DBPs aren't governed by the EPA. The 30-Second Trick for Samples of a Critique Essay of Health Program The plan will choose the vulnerability of the elements in danger. With legitimate insurances, an individual may keep away from a part of the ailments that are passed on due to qualities. One particular useful and positive definition of emotional health may be the capacity to express all your emotions in a suitable way. Once every so often, be that as it might, they can cause sick wellbeing, for instance, a couple sorts of tumor. The Upside to Samples of a Critique Essay of Health Program A penis cream is different than other forms of lotions and emollients which are available for general usage, since it is made with the particular demands of the manhood in mind. There are lots of foods that can contains nutrients which are needed for a superb penile erection. One of the fantastic advantages of lecithin is it breaks up cholesterol and fats in our body so it's very sensible for people who want to shed weight. Additionally, there are benefits of lecithin for pregnant ladies. The advantages of the program are immense. The achievement of goals is something which comes more quickly as a consequence of the coaching partnership. Explore the targets and aims of the program, how it's being implemented, and program outcomes. Nonetheless, the gains of the programs appear to outweigh any risks connected with the programs. Certain schools have better athletes and programs in a certain sport, though others might not be in a position to field a winning team. The focus of each call is dependent on the customer. Instructions for creating a request are offered in the publication InfoSource, copies of which can be found in local Service Canada Centres. Many students opt to download such samples so as to find a general idea of the way the assignment should look like and what key points ought to be added.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
World History is a popular Advanced Placement subject, and in 2017 nearly 300,000 students took the AP World History exam. Many colleges have a history requirement as part of their general education programs, and a high score on the exam will often fulfill the requirement and qualify students to take upper-level history courses. About the AP World History Course and Exam AP World History is designed to cover the material one would encounter in a two-semester introductory-level college world history course, although the reality is that very few colleges will award two semesters of credit for the course. The course is broad and covers important people and events from 8000 B.C.E to the present. Students learn to make historical arguments and historical comparisons, and they learn how to analyze and write about both primary and secondary sources. Students study how to contextualize historical events, and how to understand cause and effect in relation to historical phenomena. The course can be broken down into five broad themes: The ways that humans have been shaped by the environment as well as the way that humans have affected and transformed the environment.The rise and interaction of different cultures, and the ways that religions and variousÃ belief systems have molded societies over time.Issues of state including the study of agrarian, pastoral, and mercantile states, as well as the ideological foundations of governing systems such as religion and nationalism. Students also study types of states such as autocracies and democracies, and conflicts and wars between states.Economic systems including their creation, expansion, and interaction. Students study agricultural and industrial systems as well as systems of labor including free labor and coerced labor.Social structures within human societies including those based on kinship, ethnicity, gender, race, and wealth. Students will study have different social groups are created, sustained, and transformed. Along with the five themes, AP World History can be broken down into six historical periods: Name of Time Period Date Range Weight on Exam Technological and Environmental Transformation 8000 to 600 B.C.E. 5 percent Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies 600 B.C.E to 600 C.E. 15 percent Regional and Interregional Interactions 600 C.E. to 1450 20 percent Global Interactions 1450 to 1750 20 percent Industrialization and Global Integration 1750 to 1900 20 percent Accelerating Global Change and Realignments 1900 to the Present 20 percent AP World History Exam Score Information In 2018, 303,243 students took the Advanced Placement World History exam. The mean score was a 2.78. 56.2 percent of students received a score of 3 or higher, meaning they might qualify for college credit or course placement. The distribution of scores for the AP World History exam is as follows: AP World History Score Percentiles (2018 Data) Score Number of Students Percentage of Students 5 26,904 8.9 4 60,272 19.9 3 83,107 27.4 2 86,322 28.5 1 46,638 15.4 The College Board has posted preliminary score distributions for the World History exam for 2019 test-takers. Note that these numbers may change slightly as late exams get recorded. Preliminary 2019 AP World History Score Data Score Percentage of Students 5 8.7 4 19 3 28.3 2 28.9 1 15.1 College Credit Course Placement for AP World History Most colleges and universities have a history requirement and/or a global perspectives requirement, so a high score on the AP World History exam will sometimes fulfill one or both of these requirements. The table below presents some representative data from a variety of colleges and universities. This information is meant to provide a general overview of the scoring and placement practices related to the AP World History exam. For other schools, youll need to search the colleges website or contact the appropriate Registrars office to get AP placement information. AP World History Scores and Placement College Score Needed Placement Credit Georgia Tech 4 or 5 1000-level history (3 semester hours) LSU 4 or 5 HIST 1007 (3 credits) MIT 5 9 general elective units Notre Dame 5 History 10030 (3 credits) Reed College 4 or 5 1 credit; no placement Stanford University - no credit or placement for the AP World History exam Truman State University 3, 4 or 5 HIST 131 World Civilizations before 500 A.D. (3 credits) for a 3 or 4; HIST 131 World Civilizations before 500 A.D. and HIST 133 World Civilizations, 1700-Present (6 credits) for a 5 UCLA (School of Letters and Science) 3, 4 or 5 8 credits and World History placement Yale University - no credit or placement for the AP World History exam A Final Word on AP World History Keep in mind that college placement isnt the only reason to take AP World History. Selective colleges and universities typically rank an applicantsÃ academic recordÃ as the most important factor in the admissions process. Extracurricular activities and essays matter, but good grades in challenging classes matter more. The admissions folks will want to see good grades in college preparatory classes. Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate (IB), Honors, and Dual Enrollment classes all play an important role in demonstrating an applicants college readiness. In fact, success in challenging courses is the best predictor of college success available to the admissions officers. SAT and ACT scores have some predictive value, but theÃ thing they best predict is the income of the applicant. If youre trying to figure out which AP classes to take, World History is often a good choice. It is a popular exam ranking below just five subjects: Calculus, English Language, English Literature, Psychology, and United States History. Colleges like to admit students who have broad, worldly knowledge, and World History certainly helps demonstrate that knowledge. To learn more specific information about the AP World History exam, be sure to visit theÃ official College Board website.
Friday, May 15, 2020
The transition from the traditional hunter gatherer societies, in to an agriculture based living system, has allowed humans to increase their population size, putting strains on the EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s environment. Agriculture has also brought along with it a decrease in womenÃ¢â¬â¢s roles in the community, while also bringing about a class system where the wealthy rule, and were the weak and poor obey. As humans began to domesticate more plants and animals, they settled in permanent areas. The Change from hunter gatherer benefited few, but had dire consequences for the earth and groups with in it. One such consequence was the population increase, which has lead to major issues throughout history, and one that has ties to current global issues. As more people shifted towards an agriculture based society, many began to produce a surplus of food. This surplus allowed people a new privilege, to allocate to a single area for an extended period of time. More and more people began to settle down in this fashion, eventually once small hunter-gatherer tribes grew into chiefdoms, and chiefdoms expanded into city-states. Populations as a result began to increase in size and expand its territory to meet the new demands of the increasing population. This expansion would not come free however, mother nature itself had to pay the price. Strayer conveys with this quote the extent to which agriculture had on the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population and it s affect on the environment. Ã¢â¬Å"On a global level, scholars estimateShow MoreRelatedThe Western Relationship With Nature1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconstruct of nature in other societies. This avenue is imperative to this essay as many of the environmental and social issues that are present in to dayÃ¢â¬â¢s world are entangled by a certain subset of Western or European set of values denoting how to interact with the environment. These generally center around the notions of Ã¢â¬ËdevelopmentÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËmodernityÃ¢â¬â¢. Reading widely on the topic, one finds most of the literature of non-western ideals of nature are centered upon Ã¢â¬ËtraditionalÃ¢â¬â¢ and religious views of environmentRead MoreAchievements Of The Neolithic Revolution1585 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTania Covarrubias Research Prospectus Dee Kille November 30, 2017 Neolithic Revolution The Neolithic revolution has influenced encompassing the centuries 13,000 B.C to 5000 B.C in many continents changed society from hunter-gatherer to agriculture. Along with this came change in life style, human dynamics and population. Throughout its discovery revealed down faults and successes that created our current agriculture. Discoveries such as clothing, wovel, makeup products were essential for individualsRead MoreAncient History Gender Stratification Balanced On One Crucial892 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescrucial fact: women have children and men cannot. This automatically increases their value. As the society moves farther away from the risk of annihilation, the roles of the females trend towards the domestic sphere where the primitive hunter-gatherer society requires a greater contribution from girls to survive. Gender roles within particular cultures such as the Asian, African, and Native American societies varied depending on the means of garnering sustenance and religions of the periods, but regardlessRead MoreThe Past And Present Defining Characteristics Of The Sami Peoples1712 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdistinct from those of their predesesors, such as pressures to conform to modern society, economic struggles, and in some cases, loss of community. It is important to evaluate both the past and present defining characteristics of the Sami peoples to fully understand their culture. One of the most well known characterisitics of the Sami is their skill in reindeer pastoralism. Though, pastoralism was not their initial mode of substiance, instead, the Sami began as a hunter gatherer society. As northernRead MoreProblems with Modern Food Production and Consumption756 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesDiamond (2002) states that the Ã¢â¬Å"archeological and ethnographic record throughout the world shows that the transition from hunting and gathering to farming eventually resulted in more work, lower adult stature, worse nutritional condition and heavier disease burdensÃ¢â¬ (p. 700). I will look more at the nutritional condition and diseases associated with modern society compared to foraging societies. Foraging is healthier in a sense when compared to the modern western lifestyle. Forging can be healthierRead MoreNanda and Warms, Bodley, Lee Study Guide1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Ethnocentrism- Is the belief that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own culture is superior to any other. Cultural relativism- Anthropologists must believe that all cultures are of equal value and need to study them from a neutral point of view in order to understand how cultural practices developed, how they work in society, and how they are experienced by the people who live them Participant observation- Gaining a close and intimate familiarity with a given group of individuals and their practices through intensiveRead MoreEconomics Is The Science Of Scarcity1728 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslimited resources. Essentially, economics deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The societies in the books 1984 and Fahrenheit 451 both take advantage of some form of an economic system, whether it be the command economy of Oceania, or the overly consumerist economy of the dystopian United States. An economic system is how a society deals with these factors. The three main questions that an economic system is supposed to answer are: What will we produce? HowRead MoreThe Ju/Ã¢â¬â¢Hoansi of the Kalahari1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSan live scattered over many Southern African countries, far away from their original traditional hunting grounds. Some of them are city Ã¢â¬Å"squattersÃ¢â¬ , some farm laborers, and some have been resettled b y their respective Governments to specific ghettos. The struggles that they endure have allowed them to fall into a passive existence unlike their traditional hard working nature, and many of them have been forgotten by greater society. Only one tribe continues to occupy their ancestral land; the Ju/Ã¢â¬â¢hoansiRead MoreThe Impact Of Australian Colonization On Australian Society1709 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmarginalisation and extreme disadvantage within Australian society. Urban-based Aboriginal people, even more than those living in remote communities, have been subject to the impact of racism and discrimination on self-identity. Nonetheless, many urban-based Aboriginal people proudly identify with their Aboriginality, asserting their identity. In this case study, I will examine the identity of Aboriginal AustralianÃ¢â¬â¢s, comparing this construction from the time period of colonisation in Australia to the currentRead MoreThe Period Of Rome And Greece1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages black deathÃ¢â¬ caused by Yersinia pestis a contagion bacterial. This disease began in China, killing close to 35 million Asians. These infectious disease then spread to humans from infected fleas, from plague-ridden host (rats), fleaÃ¢â¬â¢s diet consisted of the infected rats. This plague journeyed to Europe on merchant ships from China through infected rats. Due to deficiency of proper medical care and uncleanliness assisted in the scatter of the disease. Studies have shown that during this era, the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Relative Influences on Macbeth to Kill his King in Shakespeares Macbeth There were a number of factors that influenced Macbeths decision whether to assassinate King Duncan or not. Each of these arguments worked for or against Macbeths better judgement of the situation. Eventually, a combination of all these factors broke down his conscience through his mental weakness; this led to an unwise decision to kill the King. The consequences of this were fairly disastrous because Macbeth began to regret his actions just moments after the deed was done. The whole concept of Macbeths desire to become King of Scotland began when he and Banquo first met the three witches on the moorland. The witches greeted Macbeth each with aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In a way, this scares him, as it would you or me if in his position. It is already starting to show that he is brave in battle, but fragile in mind. Macbeths conscience works well for him at first by helping him reject the idea of murder, as Macbeth tells himself: If I chance will have me King, why, chance may crown me, Without my stir. This means that if the witches prophecies are true, then he will become King whatever the circumstances, so he wouldnt need to commit any crimes, for example murder. By the end of scene four, Macbeth realises that he may have to take some action to become King, whether it be murder or not. His soliloquy indicates that he wants no one to see what he feels, and what he wants to do. He admits to himself that he has black and deep desires locked up inside him, which he does not want anyone good to see, as he says: The Prince of Cumberland! That is a step On which I must fall down, or else oer leap, For in my way it lies. Stars hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires; From one of Macbeth and his wifes first conversations, he proves his reluctance to give his wife a final decisionShow MoreRelatedMacbeth s State Of Mind1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s tragedy of Macbeth, the motif of time plays a significant role as MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s state of mind progresses throughout the play. Time serves as a vital role in a tragedy, for as time progresses, a characterÃ¢â¬â¢s inevitable and ill-fated end draws closer and closer. In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play, Macbeth becomes completely consumed by time as he is fixated on an illusory future and becomes haunted by his inescapable, bloodstained past. Essentially, throughout the play, Macbeth continually fightsRead MoreCauses of Macbeths Downfall1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Causes of Macbeths Downfall Ã¢â¬â Essay By Jordan Koorey ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Macbeth, based on a play written in 1605 explores the life journey of Macbeth as he climbs the ladder of the social hierarchy. Determined to become King, Macbeth will kill any and all that get in his way. Driven by ambition, Macbeth puts his faith in the words and prophecies of three witches after a prediction that Macbeth would gain the new title of Thane of Cawdor. Alongside with ambition, Lady Macbeth, is a key instrument toRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn many of William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays, the main problem or conflict in the plot or subplots almost always comes by means of a human vice, which is often combined with an external force or influence. In Othello, for instance, the main problem is OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s jealousy for Desdemona, all because Iago has wrongly convinced Othello of her unfaithfulness. In one of the Twelfth Night subplots, MalvolioÃ¢â¬â¢s pride combines with the mischievous schemes of Sir Toby, Si r Andrew, and Maria, resulting in the convictionRead MoreAnalysis of William Shakespeares Macbeth and Its Historical Background1283 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAnalysis of William Shakespeares Macbeth and Its Historical Background I have recently been studying Macbeth, a well-known play by William Shakespeare. In this essay I am going to analyse the play and its historical background. I will also look at the factors that influenced Shakespeare when he was writing the play such as James I, the new king of England and Scotland, how he detested witches, and how Shakespeare manipulated that knowledge. Furthermore, I will be examiningRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Macbeth : Women s Agency2261 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesCory Weaver Michael R Kightley English 201 24 November 2014 Relative Masculinity in Macbeth: WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Agency William Shakespeare uses Macbeth to show the agency that is created for women when men are pushed into proving their own masculinity. In order to fully understand ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of masculinity in Macbeth we must first examine the stereotypes of the Elizabethan era that effected ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s writing. Ã¢â¬Å"Defining what a female was supposed to be and do was an act of Renaissance cultureRead More The Spiritual Decline of Shakespeares Macbeth Essay999 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Spiritual Decline of Macbeth nbsp; The play, Macbeth, by William Shakespeare, has been analyzed to such an extent that many assume it is impossible to say anything new about the play.Ã Yet, a close reading of Macbeth can still yield tremendous insights.Ã One interesting point worth noting is Macbeths inability to answer quot;Amenquot; to a solemn prayer to God. Shakespeares post-medieval world strictly adhered to the binary opposition between good and evil, or in other wordsRead More Shakespeares Macbeth - Renaissance Humanism Essay1494 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespresent in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s tragedy Macbeth assume the role of supernatural beings, it was not ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s intent to portray a classic case of fatalism. On the contrary, Shakespeare used Macbeth as a way to display the idea of Renaissance humanism. Although the witches did in fact possess uncanny powers, they were in reality not controlling Macbeth, but rather they were tempting Macbeth to act in particular ways. The witches, as well as other si gnificant characters, may have encouraged Macbeth to actRead MoreHow Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are Influenced by the Supernatural in Macbeth by William Shakespeare1059 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHow Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are Influenced by the Supernatural in Macbeth by William Shakespeare In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s time witches were believed to have many powers. They were believed to talk to the devil, the dead and evil spirits. They were believed to predict the future (act 1. Scene 1 Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ËWhen shall we three meet again in thunder lightning or in rain?Ã¢â¬â¢) and change the weather. People thought they could fly throuhg air and make themselves invisible at will. People alsoRead MoreMacbeth, By William Shakespeare Essay2179 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesWilliam ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s epochal play, Macbeth, centers around the power and manipulation of the main character along with the greed that accompanies it. Macbeth is centralized about vigor overriding inhibitions and the conscious awareness of its characters. The power of the female character in Macbeth is feasibly one of the most intriguing aspects of the entire play. Lady Macbeth acts as the playÃ¢â¬â¢s catalyst that aids in MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s treacherous acts. Through the nefarious actions of Lady Macbeth, she dexterouslyRead MoreMacbeth vs Scotland, PA Essay example2332 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesof the greatest English play writers, has a profound influence upon different societies globally since the fifteenth century, for his plays inspire many contemporary artists to present new scopes reflecting their societies. Considered as one of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest tragedies, Macbeth has a completely disparate interpretation in the movie Scotland, PA, which translates the original play into a black comedy. A Scottish royal and general, Macbeth the protagonist undergoes a demonic transformation in
The idea of a capitalist economy is the ability to freely exchange goods with others in turn for some form of compensation that both parties agree upon. As such, the exchange of pleasure for monetary compensation is within the scope of free exchange based on agreed terms; such is the transaction with prostitution. This act should not be criminalized for economic reasons that would foster strict codes of conduct by both the law and by personal standards. This form of liberal feminist reasoning would allow women to gain a sense of economic equality as well as satisfy local moral beliefs. Prostitutes Defining the Service As in every society the hierarchy and status of people is mostly dependent upon their wealth. In these societies womenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"The sex industry is not only characterized by different sectors but by status and economic hierarchies across them. Generally speaking, women working on the streets are among the lowest paid and socially stigmatized, with the recent expectation of women engaged in sex-for-crack exchanges and/or work in houses. Women working through escort service or as call girls are at the high endÃ¢â¬ (Miller Jayasundara, pg. 466, 2002). These women engage in such acts because of the basic need for wealth. By allowing such practices to be legalized and regulated, harmful acts such as drug related offensives, the structure of the pimp, local health issues, and social acceptance can be curbed and redefined. Women, then, would be able to safely enjoy a means of gaining economic independence as well as peaceful minds with regards to the laws. Polices Basic Concepts with Government Regulations With government involvement many issues will be addressed and structured around regulations that aim to improve community relations around the stigmatized act. Many Western countries participate in this solution and as such Ã¢â¬Å"through government regulatory schemes. Regulation includes direct government interventions such the registration of brothel houses, as well as neo-regulatory systems such as mandatory health exams and taxationÃ¢â¬ ¦Registration is often compulsory, and unregistered women are considered to be committing an illegal actÃ¢â¬ (Miller Jayasundara, pg. 463, 2002). Regulations haveShow MoreRelatedAn Overview Of Maher Kara Joined Citigroup s Healthcare As An Investment Banker1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesenough evidence that shows he was aware the information used for trading was from insider information. In addition, Salman highlighted the fact that there was no tangible, direct exchange of monetary items that would cause the tipper, Michael, to benefit from this transaction. This monetary benefit to the tipper in exchange for the tip can be described as a prerequisite in order to be found guilty of insider trading thanks to the most recent case verdict relevant to insider trading, United States vRead MoreEssay on Ethics and Good Prostitution2121 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthat is meant to be private and personal, should be allowed and morally accepted within society if used for monetary gain in order to pay for the necessities of life. Some question whether prostitution should remain outlawed if it just a means of profit and a way to continue to support oneself in everyday life, while others fully condemn the selling of the human body to others for pleasure. After evaluating the normative theories discussed in Noel StewartÃ¢â¬â¢s Ethics, one could bring about four noticeablyRead MoreAr chival Project : Antebellum Literary Journal1127 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfor the past with a celebration of successful historical predecessors and accompanying deities. Such a society motivated by ambition requires compensation for success, assumed to be monetary gain. Ã¢â¬Å"MoneyÃ¢â¬ investigates the history of coining money, introducing how precious metals became a standard for establishing value, later becoming a vehicle for exchange. This demonstrates a readerÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to acquire knowledge, particularly regarding influences on their everyday life. Money is important to individualsRead MoreTraining And Development : Learning, Or Perfect An Area Essay1547 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesvery enticing. Taking that same amount ($6,000) and paying an out of town training might be beneficial. This would allow: employees to travel to places they might not otherwise visit; provide an opportunity for an extended stay, meet others and exchange experiences and ideas to improve work; and g et away from work and home, which in itself can sometimes relieve stress. It is simply a matter of analyzing the employees and their respective situations. On the matter of creativity, unfortunatelyRead MoreProstitution And The Law : Prostitution2362 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesProstitution and the Law Prostitution, also known as commercial sex or solicitation, is the business of preforming sexual activities in exchange for monetary compensation. Prostitution can be seen in many different outlets, from brothels and streetwalkers, to top of the line escort or call-girl services. Prostitution laws make it a crime to suggest, consent, or participate in a sexual act for the benefit of receiving payment (FindLaw, 2016). Prostitution is one of the first known female occupationsRead More Evaluation of Women and Desire in The Beggars Opera Essay example2917 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesgreed, introduces to a capitalistic society based on indirectly equitable gender relations. Though the opera contains stereotypical evaluations of sought-after virgins, Gay moves beyond this pat system by exploring the source of their appeal in monetary terms. Air V, sung by Mrs. Peachum, equates the virgin with raw, yet to be coined material: A maid is like the golden ore, / Which hath guineas intrinsical int, / Whose worth is never known before / It is tried and impressed in the Mint (I.v)Read MoreManagement of Thorpe Park Resort2263 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesworkers who demand for more pay and other forms of compensation (Gerber, 1995). Compensation and benefits department is part of the human resource which is responsible for offering benefits to workers who reach certain targets. Some of the staff benefits in Thorpe Park include the Merlin Magic Pass, Discount across Merlin Annual Passes and a Pension scheme. This department has to deal with the constant increase in rents, inflation rates, currency exchange rates which do not favor employees who have meagerRead MoreSocial Exchange Theory2516 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesTheories Of Relationship Theories Of Relationship [Document Title] [Document Title] Elizabeth Wiwoloku Elizabeth Wiwoloku Introduction There are two main theories applied to relationships, Social Exchange Theory and Equity Theory underpin commonly used behavioural therapies such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Enhanced Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Integrative Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. More recent studies in neuroscience and behavior and the importance of language have led to theRead MoreImpact of Rewards on Employee Performance in Banking Sector9390 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesLITRATURE REVIEW Tahir et.al (2008) investigated the comparison of intrinsic and extrinsic compensation instruments in the banking sector of Pakistan. They described in the current period of recession the financial service oriented company more focus on compensating the employees with strongly manner. This can create a competitive edge in the form of increased employee performance. They described that the compensation management system has directly related to employee motivation that ultimately plays roleRead MoreEssay on Crime Typologies3922 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagestoday, with the economy in a recession period and our unemployment rates sky rocketing high more personal property crimes are being committed. A great advantage when it comes to violent and property crimes are justice for the victims. Victim compensation is a direct reimbursement from the state to, or on behalf of, a crime victim for losses sustained at the hands of a criminal. The crime victim may be reimbursed for crime-related expenses, including medical costs, funeral or burial costs, mental
Question : What is the success Business Explain with Example ? Answer : Introduction It is often a key requirement for the management of an organization to put in place the most effective strategies which would enhance the flow of processes, proper analysis of performance trends as well as an effective maintenance of the quality standards within the organization. These entire aspects boil down to the concept of operations management within organizations which encompasses the elements of quality control, aggregate planning, productivity and supply chain strategies, an organizations plant layout as well as the process design employed to enhance operations. In this report, we analyze the concept of operations management with reference to the New Mauritius Hotels Limited, a hospitality industry based in the country. Quality Management The New Mauritius Hotels Ltd. is one of the fastest growing organizations working within the field of hospitality in the counter. It operates under the brand name of beachcomber hotels. The organization does not only own but also manages various hotels both within the country and on international fronts for instance in Morocco (Bernhard, 2008). Due to the nature of its organizational structure, all the companys subsidiaries operate under the same brand name. This strategy enables an easy control of operations in addition to other processes taking place within the company. Quality management is a crucial element effectively considered by the organizations management. Just like any other business organization, the NMH LTD incurs a number of costs of quality. The cost of quality in this case involves the costs that the hotel incurs when implementing processes intended at minimizing defects to the products released to the consumers at the end of the production chain. The hotel also provides various services to a variety of clients. As such, there is an inevitable need for professionalization and personalization of process in order to ensure that services are offered to clients at the highest quality levels (Brotherton and Wood, 2008). Based on the research findings about the organization, it was deduced the costs of quality incurred by the New Mauritius Hotel Ltd. can be categorized into four main types namely; prevention costs, appraisal costs, external failure costs and internal failure costs. To begin with, the prevention costs are the costs incurred by the hotel in in a bid to prevent poor quality products or services from reaching the consumers. In order to minimize the defects on the final products, the hotel management uses various tools such as staff training and exposure, maintenance engineering as well as the strategy of process control. Through the process control tools, it is possible to deduce and hence adjust the processes that are out of control. Such situations may be as a results of wrong interpretations by machines and miscalibration which may result in wrong component ratios and hence a defect on the final product (Carliss, 2000). Each of these stages may involve the use of resource and human expertise like the quality circles hence the presence of the costs. The second cost of quality is the appraisal cost. Before transferring the final products to the consumer, they are always taken through a rigorous process of inspection. This level is always aimed at identifying products with defects and hence removing them from the final shipment. The process involves a team of inspectors hence the resources and amounts used in appreciating the services of the food inspectors at the New Mauritius Hotels Ltd amounts to the appraisal costs. The third type of cost is the internal failure cost (PKF Hospitality Research, 2011). The hotel incurs this cost when the defects detected are to be eliminated before the products reach the consumers. This process may include re-processing the products or adjusting the quality levels which may alter the downtime. When the quality control processes are effective, the defects can be detected at an early stage before handing the products to the consumers (Cohen, 2008). When the goods reach the consumers with defects, then they are likely to be rejected or returned for re processing by the consumers. Such a scenario leads to product recalls, replacements as well as repairs. The costs incurred by the company during this process are referred to as external failure costs. In a bid to minimize the occurrence of these costs through the reduction of defects, the New Mauritius Hotel Ltd has upheld various total quality management strategies. One of the most common strategies applied by the organization involves the use of quality circles. The quality circles involve individuals who meet regularly to deliberate on methods of improving quality (Collings and Wood, 2009). The outcome of these meetings is presented to the board who in return implement them at the right stages of production in order to reduce or completely remove the defects. The other approach in aiding the TQM drive involves the use of statistical process control methodologies. Through this strategy, the less effective elements during the production process are identified and replaced with more result oriented methods. The approach in this case may involve replacing old machines, doing away with outdated menus and cuisines and introducing food stuffs and additional services which adequately m eet the consumers demands. The hotel administration which also uses the just in time system also conducts empowerment of suppliers in addition to staff training and motivation on quality issues. The technical support given to the suppliers plays a crucial role in ensuring the materials received by the organization for the production process are of the right quality and required standards (Connell and Page, 2010). In order to improve quality, the hotel can invest more on the quality circles and increase the number of personnel whose sole duty within the organization will involve quality enhancement. The company can also carry out more staff empowerment procedures through training exhibitions and conferences. Through these avenues, the workers are exposed on the need to stay responsible in their lines of operation and ensure quality standards in the processes they are involved in (Chase, 2007). Finally, quality within the company can also be improved my ensuring the right machines and other resources are used during the production process. Bad machines, for instance, may lead to miscalibration, mistiming and improper mixing of ingredients leading to low quality outcomes. Process Design The hotel which is one of the largest companies listed in the country stock exchange market uses a standard process of production across all the hotels owned and managed by the organization. The production process involves various channels since the organization does not only deal with foodstuffs, drinks and beverages. The hotel also offers other hospitality services which include overnight accommodation and on-site restaurants. In the production of food, the process basically starts form the kitchen staff where raw materials are received. The personnel then prepare the meals under the guidance of clearly stated recipes and outlines depending on the cuisine in use. To ensure the quality of the final products, the ready foods are taken through a series of inspection processes by qualified personnel operating within the quality circles. Once a menu has been passed as satisfactory, the food is then passed to the consumers. This basically ends the chain of the production process (Daft an d Armstrong, 2009). Apart from the outdated manual food processing methods which involve the use of human force, the hotel management has since introduced alternative methods in the production process. These approaches are aimed at improving the quality of products and services availed to the consumers at the end of the day. In the past, the hotel management mainly used human power in most phases of the production process (Giddens, 2008). With the emergence of technology, the organization has secured more state of the machines to replace the formerly used human force. Despite the fact that these machines still rely on human operation, they have greatly reduced the downtime and improved the speed with which the foods are prepared. The alternative methods have also been crucial in enhancing the quality of production since minimal errors are made by machines as compared to cases involving the use of human effort. In addition, the alternative methods have greatly reduced production costs incurred by the org anization. For instance with the emergence of food preparation machines, the number of workers have been cut down which in turn lowers the costs the organization would incur in a bid to reward them (Domine, 2008). In order to transform the raw materials into finished products, the company mainly uses three types of production process. First of all, the job production process is employed to minimize irregularities and ensure that the experts concentrate on one particular production before passing their attention to the other. This process may involve either an individual or a group. The second type used by the company is batch production. In this case, a variety of products are produced at the same time within one production process. For instance, the hotel management prepares food stuff and beverages as well as drinks within the same production system. The machines are regulated and programmed so that they produce various foodstuffs at different levels of the production process (Edmondson, 2006). The last type of production used by the organization is referred to as flow production. It is the basic approach used by most hotels affiliated to this organization. This type involves the flow of pro cesses from one end to the very last. For instance, the raw materials are received and passed through various physical and chemical processes in a continuous flow of activities. In order to reduce the costs involved in production as well as improve on the time take to complete the various production processes, there is need for adjustments on the organizations approaches. To begin with, the organization ought to replace the human labor with more machine operated procedures. Using machines instead of man power in the production process would not only make the work easier but also ensure that the production duration is reduced. In addition, using machines reduces the likelihood of defects occurring on the final products which in turn reduces production costs and maximizes the return on investment (Edwards and Edwards, 2007). The second approach that would help on enhancing the processes within the organization would be proper maintenance of current resources. This idea involves the constant servicing of machines and replacement of old ones with new ones. The approach reduces the occurrence of quality issues that would accompany the use of faulty machines in th e production process. The third method would involve staff empowerment. The human resource form the basic part of the production process, In addition to servicing the machines, there is an inevitable need for staff empowerment and motivation (Everett, 2004). This can be achieved through training, conferences and exhibitions where the production team gets their skills horned and new ideas put across to them. Furthermore, the organization needs to continuously motivate the workers through stable reward schemes based on performance and achievement of quality standards. Rewarding good performers in the production process would definitely encourage the other members within the team to constructively engage in the various production processes. This in turn enhances the outcome of these process which results in an overall improvement in the organizational performance. Aggregate planning The organization is keen on maintaining a stable market for its products and services. As such, the operations manager through the help of the other portion of the management team careful analyses the market situation, consumer preferences and customer feedbacks in order to deduce the right demand options to purse. The company pursues pricing as a demand option. By carefully regulating the prices of the goods and services offered in the various hotels across the country, the organization has managed a firm client base (Grey, 2013). The second demand option is promotion which is mainly done through online platforms in addition to other approaches. The company uses the media to inform the users of its products and services as well as the adjustments in prices. Promotion is also carried out through discounts on products, free samples and advertisement mainly on television, radio and newspapers. The third demand option currently pursued by the New Mauritius Hotels Ltd is new demand. In t his case, the management team analyses the trends in the market and customer response in order to identify the most current demand trends. The products and services are therefore prepared such that they adequately address this new demand (Harper, 2009). The organization uses a number of capacity options in a bid to maintain the right standards in the process. An example involves maintaining a stead output rate through staff empowerment, management of knowledge and dissemination of skills. There also the approach of hiring and laying off of workers which ensures that the organization only has the number needed within the human resource and not a lesser value. The other capacity option involves subcontracting. In this case the hotel management contracts out projects to other developers outside its human resource fraternity. The approach is effective when the project is a temporary process hence no need of permanent employment. The company also uses inventories which does not only enhance accountability but also places the company records in a comprehensible manner (Johnson and Robinson, 2007). These records can in turn be used to identify the areas in need of adjustment hence an eventual improvement in quality. Lastly, the organizatio n maintains a level workforce and uses a combination of decision variables. Despite the hierarchies in the organizational structure, all workers through their team leaders can have their opinions incorporated in the decision making process. This does not only create a level workforce but also improves the quality of the work environment and hence an improvement in performance (Plunkett, 2012). Both demand and capacity options have a special link to a companys understanding of its market. The demand option pursued by a company has a special way of influencing the nature of reception given to the products or services. At the same time, the capacity options undertaken by the company do not only change situations within the workplace but also influences the output. In order to enhance the organizations capacity planning, it would be a crucial step to come up with a standard pricing method for both products and services across all the hotels managed by the company. This enhances consistency (Joseph, 2004). In addition the pricing policies ought to be in conformation with the government set standards. Observing this avoids the penalties associated with breach of authorities. The company can also develop and improve their online platforms in order to ensure that it is interactive and user friendly. This would make the process of promotion easier, faster and more effective. In ord er to maintain a level workforce, the company needs to practice more of knowledge management to aid in the dissemination and transmission of ideas from one employee to another. This improves the general quality of the final production outcomes (Katz, 2003). To improve the organizations capacity planning, there would be more need to empower the employees through training and incentives. Capacity planning could also be improved by enhancing the infrastructure within the organization and on its environs. Effective communication is a crucial element in a success production system. Through effective tools aided by the incorporation of technology, information can be easily passed to the workers and consumers. Through such interactions, the clients feedbacks can be used to note demand trends especially the new demands. The organization can then establish its capacity planning strategies with reference to these feedbacks. Capacity planning could also be improved by enhancing a proper work e nvironment through the provision of the necessary resources and maintenance of good health and safety standards. This strategy plays a key role in enabling the New Mauritius Hotels Ltd. to maintain an output rate which is not only stable but also consistent (Malakooti, 2013). Productivity and Supply Chain Strategy The New Mauritius Hotels Ltd largely depends on the two main types of production ratios used by most organizations in the corporate world. Firstly, the organization sets the total productivity ratio. In this case, the value of all output is related to the value of all input hence the ratio is given by total output over total input. The second type of ratio set by the organization is the partial productivity ratio. In this type, the organization relates the value of the total output with the value of some of the main categories of the input. The ratio is therefore obtained by dividing the total output with the partial input (Medlik, 2003). By deducing the relationship between the value of total inputs and outputs, it can be possible to note the areas in which the company can adjust in a bid to enhance its productivity. Productivity can be improved through variation of the output value. This implies increasing the output value while keeping the input values at lower levels leads to a higher productivity ratio. The output of the workers and the machines can be improved through appropriate working environment (Montgomery, 2012). This strategy may involve human resource motivation as well as maintenance, repair and replacement of old or obsolete machines. In addition, the organization can increase its output value through staff empowerment which may involve approaches such as training and knowledge management. Improvement of infrastructure, incorporation of more IT related tools in operation and use of effective communication methods are other methods the company can use to enhance productivity (Norman, 2013). Due to the dynamic nature of the demand trends and the global economic situation, it has always been the desire of every manager to come up with supply chains strategies that are aimed at reducing the cost of inventory and production. One of the supply chain strategies at the New Mauritius Hotel involve adopting a supply chain plan which is driven by the current demand schedules, insights as well as shaping. In addition, the company management has developed a supply chain which is adaptive to the business environment, consumer needs and the logistics involved in production (Pannerselvam, 2004). This way, the organization ensures that the supply chain used in enhancing operations minimizes on production costs and maximizes the return on investment. The other strategy used by the company involves optimizing the design of the products and services through extensive innovation which in turn increases profitability. The company has also aligned its supply chain with the core organizationa l goals, a strategy which ensures that all operations adequately aid in the achievement of the business objectives. The appropriateness of a supply chai largely depends on its sustainability and the extent to which it enhances profitability within the organization. The current supply chain used by the organization, despite its effectiveness so far can still be improved for better outcomes. To begin with the company leaders ought to embrace sustainability as a core value in the supply chain strategies. This approach may involve meetings by experts and discussion of methods in which the supply chain could be enhanced to achieve better output. Secondly, the companys professionals could use the real time and achievable aspects to obtain quick outcomes. This strategy would be helpful in reducing the consumption of energy, less travel and transportation expense and a minimal and controlled use of resources (Pizam, 2010). In addition, the company management can use approaches such as knowledge management, systematic measurement as well as audit reports to ensure continuous improvements on the operation p rocess. Incorporation of best practices, effective use of knowledge in addition to benchmarking are the other approaches which the companys management can incorporate in order to improve the current supply chain. Lastly, the company managers can device the best strategies for responding to change associated with the ever dynamic market environment. It would therefore be important to come up with flexible supply chain strategies which would easily run in conformation with these changes. Finally, the strategies ought to be such that they support each other. This way the company is likely to incur less cost which mostly comes with complex multi-channel chains. Plant Layout The companys layout takes the shape of a simple straight line flow. The plan adapts to the building design. The layout begins at the receiving dock where shipments containing raw materials, new machines and related resources are received. The materials are then moved to the operating offices consisting of various sub-assemblies characterized by different processes. The flow then proceeds to support, maintenance and finally through quality inspection before the final products are packaged and branded ready for consumption (Pilcher, 2012). The plant lay out incorporated by the organization involves a single line flow. However, it the strategy is relatively rigid and time consuming since the layout gives room for the production of one product at a time. The layout can therefore be improved to involve more sub-assemblies. Through this, it can be possible to produce more than one product at the same time which in turn reduces the cost of production and the time taken to complete the process of production (Roger, 2006). The other suggestion would be to improve the building design such that the sub-assemblies are placed near the production offices to reduce the distance of movement. When the distance between amenities within the layout is reduced, the cost of movement and transportation is in turn minimized too. This strategy would be helpful in doing away with the production costs related to transport and flow of processes within the chain. The plant layout can also be improvement through proper spacing which in turn enhan ces the quality of the working environment. When the working surface is spacious enough, mobility within the organization is equally enhanced. Good spacing reduces congestion and thereby improves the down time. Proper design of amenities has a special way of improving convenience for instance; the components of production are made more accessible. In addition, the plant layout can also be improved by creating a perfect balance between the machine aided operations and the processes involving human effort. The necessary areas in need of adjustment can be identified for instance, the human aided processes can be replaced with more machine oriented approaches to improve the production time and cost. Finally, the New Mauritius Hotels plan layout can be improved through the incorporation of IT in enhancing communication and the general infrastructure within the organization. Instead of the cumbersome physical movements between the phase of production, the organization can use computerized systems through which signals are sent and processes controlled from a central source. SECTION B SCENARIO 1 Year Forecast Demand Actual Demand Forecast error RSFE ABSOLUTE ERROR MAD TRACKING SIGNAL 1 78 71 -7 -7 7 7 -1 2 75 80 5 -2 5 6 -33 3 83 101 18 16 18 10 1.6 4 84 84 0 16 0 7.5 2.1 5 88 60 -28 -12 28 11.6 -1.03 6 85 73 -12 0 12 11.67 0 SCENARIO 2 Year (X) Sales (Units)(Y) 1 100 2 110 3 122 4 130 5 139 6 152 7 164 We use unknown letters to compute the line a= 7 (1*100)+ (2*110)+(3*122)+(4*130)+(5*139)+(6*152)+(7*164) 7 (100+220+366+520+695+912+1148) =27727 b = (1+2+3+4+5+6+7) * (164+152+139+130+122+110+100) 917*28 =25676 c = 7(1+4+9+16+25+36+49) =980 d= sum of squared values of X =140 m= (a-b)/(c-d) 2051/840 =2.44 To obtain the y-intercept e= sum of all values of y =917 f= slope times sum of all x values 2.44 * 28 =68.32 Y-intercept = (e-f)/n =917-68.32 848.68/7 =121.24 The least squares trend line equation will be given b Y = mx = c Y= 2.44X + 121.24 B) From the equation, we can obtain the predicted value for 2008 as follows Y= (2.44*8) + 121.24 =140.76 SCENARIO C In order to come up with the appropriate cost reduction strategies, it is important for the company to establish the cost areas (Vallin, 2006). One short term cost reduction strategy would involve cutting the payroll costs. This can be achieved by outsourcing the non-essential activities. The other short term strategy may involve redesigning the existing processes with the main aim of eliminating duplication. Doing away with repeated processes plays a crucial role in reducing time wastage and related costs (Wren, 2007). On the other hand, the long term strategies can involve making use of the current technology as well as the latest thinking within the industry. Incorporating new technological advancements into the business operation may take time hence the process ought to undertaken at a reasonable pace. The second long term strategy would be to agree to long term contracts with suppliers which ensures consistency in the quality of goods supplies. This eventually minimizes defects and hence the related costs (Zabel, 2003). Conclusion Organizational performance is always pegged on a number of factors which must always be considered and implemented by the management. One of the core requirements for a smooth flow in activities within an organization would be skilled and dedicated human resource. When each member of the work force has a thorough knowledge in their field of operation then the quality of delivery is also likely to be held. In addition, there is need for the availability of the enough resources not only to aid in the production process but also ensure that the work environment is healthy and conducive enough. From the report above, it is evident that operations management encompasses a variety of activities within an organization. Each of these strategies plays a pivotal role in enhancing organizational performance. Managers therefore ought to install the most effective strategies References Bernhard, H. (2008) Six lessons for the corporate classroom. 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